Competition or Cooperation: Which one works best for you?

Scientists at Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (MSUPE) have studied the differences in problem solving in people with different thinking styles to discover that "analysts" solve problems faster while competing, while "holists" solve problems faster while cooperating. The authors suggest using the study results in pedagogics. According to the MSUPE scientists, people of different cultures can have "analytical" or "holistic" way of thinking. Analytical thinking involves focusing an object as such, studying its internal structure and laws. This way of thinking is more characteristic of Western Europe, as well as the US, Canada, South Africa and Australia; it implies breaking each object and phenomenon down into components, and assuming that the whole is the sum of all components. Analysts believe that life events change linearly and progressively. They are more likely to use formal logic. Holistic thinking requires...

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Do you happen to be suffering from Enjoyment Anxiety?

Have you ever felt the pressure to only show your best side on Insta, Snapchat, or Facebook? Do you find yourself questioning if the effort will really be worth it ahead of big celebrations, birthdays, and holidays? If so, it could be a sign that you have enjoyment anxiety... We've all heard the term 'anxiety' and, if we're being honest, we each think we have a pretty good idea of what anxiety is. Used to describe feelings of worry, fear and unease that our bodies feel when our 'fight or flight' response kicks in, most of us have felt anxiety at one point or another in our lives; be it surrounding exams, a new job, moving house, or making a big change. (Almost) nobody likes big changes or that insurmountable feeling of pressure that often leads to a sense of...

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The emotional languages of a happy relationship

Modern research has taught us a lot about what keeps people in love — and what makes them fall out of love. There are dozens of research that teach us a lot about what keeps people in love. Many of them point to the importance of work and effort. Successful relationships emerge when two people invest in their relationship — over time their love becomes stronger, more exciting, and full of fresh emotions and feelings. Relationship researchers are deeply motivated to identify interpersonal patterns of successful relationships and marriages. Dr John Gottman, a renowned psychological researcher who focuses on marital stability and divorce prediction, argues that the "Four Horsemen" can predict the end of a relationship — Criticism, Contempt, Defensiveness, and Stonewalling. He says identifying these communication styles is a necessary first step to eliminating them and building a strong...

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Cat whisperer: A few special people can read feline expressions

Whenever the cat sitter texts Georgia Mason and her husband photos of Sylvie and Luke, their two brown tabbies, "we usually agree if our cats are looking cheerful or grumpy or anxious," she says. Now, a new study led by Mason, a behavioral biologist at the University of Guelph in Canada, shows that people who can consistently decode feline expressions belong to a special clan: That of the cat whisperer. For the research, Mason and colleagues created an online survey and invited internet users (aka, the cat's biggest fan club) to take part. The 6,329 participants from 85 countries watched between two to 20 short videos of cat expressions, and then responded if they thought the felines were distressed or happy. These random users got an average of 11.85 out of 20 ratings correct — better than chance, but not...

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