Why children are ready to shift toward more independence around age 4

My earliest clear memories of events I experienced, which are not simply memories of stories told to me about my childhood, are from when I was 4 years old. I know, because those memories are clearly situated at and near the apartment in Minneapolis where we lived when I was 4, from which we moved about the time I turned 5. One of those memories, which would have occurred when I was about 4 years and 4 months, is the following. On a hot summer day, my grandmother told me that it was time for me to take an adventure by myself. We lived on a busy street with traffic lights, and I'm sure that my grandmother had already explained to me how to cross streets at lights as we took walks together. But this day, she told me, I...

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Former vegan converts to carnivore diet after spider bite-bourne infection

An ex-vegan who suffered an infection after being bitten by a spider now ONLY eats meat. Sylwia Tabor from Sacramento, California, was out camping in July 2017 when she was bitten on the ankle, which caused her to come out in small pimples on her body and her flesh began to rot away. She said: "I didn't think much of it at first. It was only a small bite on my ankle. "But in late August, I developed this pimple in my groin area, which over the next days grew and grew until it was about the size of my hand." ...

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The scents of heaven: Frankincense and myrrh

Frankincense and myrrh have long links to the sacred. Why has Christianity viewed them with both fascination and suspicion? In the traditional Christmas narrative, wise men from the East brought gifts of frankincense, myrrh and gold for the infant Christ. Many explanations exist for the choice of these three items. Most centre on the idea that frankincense was for the birth of a divinity, myrrh was for his embalmment after death, and gold was a recognition of his status as king. I find the plant extracts - frankincense and myrrh - to be particularly interesting. How is it that they existed as both medicinal and ritual substances, and endured as such despite the profound shifts in culture and science over the ensuing centuries? What is it about frankincense and myrrh that caught the imagination of early Christians, and how have...

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BEST OF THE WEB: ‘Bad advice’: Group of doctors in Canada lobby to change Food Guide, calling for more meat and fat in diet and less carbs and sugar

Allen Bradshaw, a pathologist from Abbotsford, B.C., is part of a group of doctors from across the country who have been on a crusade to change the way Canadians are told to eat. For the past two years, she and her colleague Dr. Carol Loffelmann, an anesthesiologist in Toronto, have spent much of their free time travelling the country, urging colleagues and regular Canadians alike to eat fewer carbohydrates than what's recommended by the government and indulge in fat from sources such as steak and cheese - even if that flies in the face of conventional wisdom. It's all they can do as they wait to see whether Health Canada will heed the message from their grassroots campaign. Since 2016, the women, who founded Canadian Clinicians for Therapeutic Nutrition, a national non-profit, have lobbied the government, with letters, an Ottawa...

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Plant hallucinogen Ayahuasca shows promise for diabetes treatment

For centuries, some indigenous groups in South America have relied on a brew made from the parts of a local vine and a shrub. The effects of this drink, called ayahuasca, would begin with severe vomiting and diarrhea, but the real reason for drinking the tea was the hallucinating that followed. These visions were thought to uncover the secrets of the drinker's poor health and point the way to a cure. Modern techniques have revealed that one of the compounds underlying these mystic experiences is the psychoactive drug harmine. What these first users of ayahuasca couldn't have known was that, one day, this ingredient in their enlightening brew would be positioned as a key to treating diabetes. Such a cure is a long way off, but researchers took another step toward it when they combined naturally occurring harmine with a...

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